Difference between Expulsion and Deportation. Measures such as expulsion and deportation are applied to certain individuals with the aim of moving them beyond a country’s borders. What characteristics exist in each case, and how does expulsion differ from deportation? This is explained further.


– Expulsion is a punishment for legal violations. It is applied to foreigners and those without citizenship.
– Deportation is the forced removal of individuals from the country due to a lack of grounds for their presence on that territory.


So, the composition of individuals targeted by these actions is the same in both cases. These are individuals who have arrived from abroad or are residing in the country without citizenship. The difference between expulsion and deportation is primarily seen in the grounds for taking such measures.

Expulsion is imposed on individuals caught committing administrative offenses. These offenses include, for example, illegal employment or entry into the country with false documents. Expulsion is a legal procedure associated with a court decision.

On the other hand, deportation allows the state to rid itself of individuals who have lost the right to reside on its territory. Unlike expulsion, deportation is not a punishment; it is a way to regulate the presence of foreign guests in the country. To implement such a measure, a decision of the immigration service is sufficient.

In each case, the issued resolution corresponds to different execution periods. Expulsion is carried out after the announced decision takes effect. That is, ten days must pass from the day the violator receives the corresponding notification. The starting point for deporting is the moment the individual receives the decision. The entire deportation procedure is allotted five days.

The similarity between the two measures lies in the fact that they can be appealed. However, in the case of expulsion, it is necessary to do so within ten days from the moment the decision on punishment was received. The decision on deportation can be challenged for a longer period—three months.

Another difference between expulsion and deportation is that the former procedure includes a preventive component. The individual held accountable is not only required to leave the country but is also deprived of the right to return for the next five years. Deportation, on the other hand, does not have such serious consequences if the migrant does not adamantly refuse to leave. With the necessary documents prepared, the individual can return to the same country in the near future if desired.